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Wildlife Crime A Global Problem

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Wilson-Wilde 2010

Transnational wildlife crime is facilitated by the massive size of some countries with areas difficult to reach and police, inadequately controlled borders, limited economic alternatives for indigenous populations, livelihoods based on illegal activities due to inadequate resources for law enforcement, weak or disinterested governments with ineffective laws and penalties, and corruption. Contraband wildlife and its derivatives are exclusive products often in high demand and provide lucrative markets. Purchasers are often ignorant or uncaring of the mode in which the animals are transported, with up to 90% of live traffic dying in transit and subsequent flow on effects to the environment. Due to the lack of resources allocated to combating wildlife crime, Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) are becoming involved in law enforcement which should be of concern at the international level.

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